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物探与化探  2021, Vol. 45 Issue (2): 536-545    DOI: 10.11720/wtyht.2021.1418
  工程勘察 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
基于线形台阵的高精度微动技术在城区岩性地层精细划分中的应用
陈基炜1(), 赵东东1(), 宗全兵2, 张宝松1, 邸兵叶1, 朱红兵1, 王佳龙1
1.中国地质调查局 南京地质调查中心,江苏 南京 210016
2.福州地铁集团有限公司,福建 福州 350000
High precision microtremor technology based on linear array and its application to the fine division of lithostratigraphy
CHEN Ji-Wei1(), ZHAO Dong-Dong1(), ZONG Quan-Bing2, ZHANG Bao-Song1, DI Bing-Ye1, ZHU Hong-bing1, WANG Jia-Long1
1. Nanjing Center,China Geological Survey,Nanjing 210016,China
2. Fuzhou Metro Group Co. Ltd,Fuzhou 350000, China
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摘要 

微动探测技术被广泛应用于构造、孤石、溶洞等勘查,但是,以常规圆形、嵌套三角形台阵等为代表的测量方式在城区施工会受到现场条件限制,难以实现长剖面数据的高效、高密度采集。针对这一问题,提出一种基于线形台阵多次覆盖的高效数据采集技术,该技术借鉴地震勘探多次覆盖观测系统的思想,布设一次线形台阵可以同时得到多个测点数据,可大大提高单台站数据的利用率。为了研究该采集技术的可行性和有效性,开展了单点频散曲线对比实验和横波速度剖面对比实验,并将其应用于福州城区岩性地层探测实验。实验结果表明:该技术极大地提升了微动数据采集的效率和测量密度,有效改善了探测精度和探测深度,为城市复杂地面环境下开展岩性地层精细划分提供了一种新的台阵布设方案。

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陈基炜
赵东东
宗全兵
张宝松
邸兵叶
朱红兵
王佳龙
关键词 线形台阵多次覆盖微动技术地层划分城市地质    
Abstract

The microtremor survey method is a new environmental protection geophysical exploration technology with strong anti-interference ability, large detection depth and wide application range. It has been widely used in structure, boulder, karst cave and some other fields. However, the single point data acquisition method represented by circular array is limited by the field conditions. It is difficult for this method to achieve high-efficiency and high-density data acquisition of long profile. This paper presents an efficient data acquisition technology based on linear array with multiple coverage in order to solve this problem. Based on the idea of multiple coverage observation system in seismic exploration, the dispersion curves of multiple measurement points can be obtained by setting up a linear array at one time, which greatly improves the utilization rate of single station data acquisition. The feasibility and effectiveness of the technology were studied by applying the technology to the detection of boulders along subway of Fuzhou airport. The experimental results show that the high-efficiency data acquisition technology based on linear array multiple coverage greatly improves the efficiency and density of microtremor data acquisition, effectively improves the detection accuracy and detection depth, and provides a new array layout scheme for urban complex ground environment.

Key wordslinear array multiple coverage    microtremor technology    stratigraphic division    urban geology
收稿日期: 2020-08-24      出版日期: 2021-04-29
:  P631  
基金资助:中国地质调查局项目“福建省资源环境承载能力综合调查评价”(DD20190301)
通讯作者: 赵东东
作者简介: 陈基炜(1988-),男,工程师,研究方向为城市地下空间综合物探方法应用研究。Email: 648556511@qq.com
引用本文:   
陈基炜, 赵东东, 宗全兵, 张宝松, 邸兵叶, 朱红兵, 王佳龙. 基于线形台阵的高精度微动技术在城区岩性地层精细划分中的应用[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(2): 536-545.
CHEN Ji-Wei, ZHAO Dong-Dong, ZONG Quan-Bing, ZHANG Bao-Song, DI Bing-Ye, ZHU Hong-bing, WANG Jia-Long. High precision microtremor technology based on linear array and its application to the fine division of lithostratigraphy. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2021, 45(2): 536-545.
链接本文:  
https://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/10.11720/wtyht.2021.1418      或      https://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/Y2021/V45/I2/536
Fig.1  微动探测工作流程
Fig.2  常用微动探测台阵观测示意
Fig.3  线形台阵多次覆盖台阵布设示意
a—线形连续台阵布设;b—线形连续加密台阵布设
采集时间/h 圆形台阵测点/个 三角形台阵测点/个 菱形台阵测点/个 十字形台阵测点/个 线形多次覆盖台阵测点/个
1 2 2 2 2 13
2 4 4 4 4 26
8 16 16 16 16 104
Table 1  不同台阵野外数据采集效率统计(24台采集站)
Fig.4  常用台阵与线形台阵的单点频散谱和频散曲线
a—三角形;b—圆形;c—L形;d—线形
Fig.5  线形台阵和圆形台阵横波视速度反演剖面
地层名称 横波波速/(m·s-1) 物性标本数 速度层
最小值 最大值 平均值
杂填土 138.25 139.53 138.89 2 A
填砂 126.00 162.00 142.97 9
淤泥质土 156.00 163.00 159.50 2
粉细砂 140.19 212.77 174.30 24
(泥质)粉细砂 208.00 251.00 230.80 5 B
(含泥)粉细砂 224.00 247.00 234.50 4
粉质黏土 208.00 228.00 218.50 4
粉质黏土 221.00 323.00 276.23 23
残积砂质黏性土 235.00 368.00 288.20 5
花岗岩球状风化(孤石) 500.00 580.00 540.00 3 C
砂土状强风化花岗岩 316.00 478.00 410.30 14
碎块状强风化花岗岩 523.00 687.00 608.33 6
中风化花岗岩 583.00 1136.00 922.54 28 D
中风化凝灰岩 863.00 998.00 921.00 3
Table 2  福州地铁F1沿线钻孔横波波速统计
Fig.6  线形台阵数据采集现场
Fig.7  SPAC法提取频散曲线
Fig.8  微动综合解释剖面
a—微动横波视速度反演剖面; b—地质解释剖面
岩性界面 分类 井号 均方相对误差
MJKZ-09-75 MJKZ-09-77 MJKZ-09-79 MJKZ-09-81 MJKZ-09-83 MJKZ-09-85
淤泥 钻孔结果 -5.4 -0.35 -2.23 / -1.54 / ±1.47
推测结果 -3.47 -2.44 -1.49 / -1.57 /
差值 1.93 2.09 0.74 / 0.03 /
残积砂质黏性土 钻孔结果 -14.4 -12.55 -11.53 -11.13 -11.14 -15.47 ±1.54
推测结果 -10.94 -13.74 -12.26 -10.61 -11.13 -15.7
差值 3.46 1.19 0.73 0.52 0.01 0.23
全风化花岗岩 钻孔结果 -19.2 -19.55 -17.23 -17.93 -18.24 -21.77 ±2.44
推测结果 -16.45 -23.37 -18.69 -18.22 -21.61 -22.1
差值 2.75 3.82 1.46 0.29 3.37 0.33
强风化花岗岩 钻孔结果 -33.7 / -31.43 -26.33 -27.04 -28.27 ±2.68
推测结果 -29.35 / -28.19 -23.87 -26.85 -28.87
差值 4.35 / 3.24 2.46 0.19 0.6
总体均方相对误差: ±2.03
Table 3  推测地层岩性界面海拔精度统计
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