Please wait a minute...
E-mail Alert Rss
 
物探与化探  2021, Vol. 45 Issue (6): 1497-1503    DOI: 10.11720/wtyht.2021.1598
  生态地质调查 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
广西马山县岩溶区土壤硒含量分布及影响因素研究
张春来1(), 杨慧1, 黄芬1, 曹建华1,2
1.中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所 自然资源部广西岩溶动力学重点实验室,广西 桂林 541004
2.联合国科教文组织国际岩溶研究中心,广西 桂林 541004
Distribution and influencing factors of selenium content in soil in karst areas in Mashan County, Guangxi, China
ZHANG Chun-Lai1(), YANG Hui1, Huang Fen1, CAO Jian-Hua1,2
1. Institute of Karst Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences Key Laboratory of Karst Dynamics, Ministry of Nature Resources and Science and Guangxi, Guilin 541004, China
2. International Research Center on Karst under the Auspices of UNESCO, Guilin 541004, China
全文: PDF(1787 KB)   HTML
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 

为调查广西马山县岩溶区土壤全硒含量分布特征,探讨不同成土母质、土地利用方式和土壤类型对土壤硒含量的影响,采集马山县北部表层土壤(0~20 cm)样品492个,采用统计学方法对土壤硒含量进行空间分布特征研究。结果表明:土壤硒含量变幅为(0.20~3.54)×10-6,平均值为0.76 ×10-6,富硒面积占到98.29%,变异系数为34.49%。研究区含有黑色页岩和煤系地层的二叠系合山组发育的土壤硒含量最高,平均为1.17×10-6;石炭系马平组最低,平均为0.64 ×10-6。赤红壤硒含量最高,平均值为1.04×10-6;而潮土硒含量最低,平均值为0.56×10-6。不同土地利用方式间以林地与果园表层土壤中硒含量相对较高,水田、草地和旱地土壤硒含量低。影响土壤硒含量的主要因素是成土母质,有机质含量对土壤硒富集也有一定影响。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
张春来
杨慧
黄芬
曹建华
关键词 土壤岩溶成土母质土地利用    
Abstract

This study aims to investigate the distribution characteristics of the total selenium content in soil in karst areas in Mashan County, Guangxi and to explore the effects of different soil parent materials, land uses, and soil types on the selenium content in soil. To this end, 492 samples of surface soil (0~20 cm) were collected from the northern part of Mashan County and the distribution of the total selenium content in the samples were studied by statistical methods. The results are as follows. The total selenium content in the soil varies from 0.20×10-6 to 3.54×10-6, with an average value of 0.76×10-6. Meanwhile, the selenium-rich area accounts for 98.29% and the coefficient of variation is 34.49%. The soil in the Permian Heshan formation bearing black shales and coal-measure strata has the highest selenium content, with an average of 1.17×10-6, while the Carboniferous Maping formation has the lowest selenium content, with an average of 0.64×10-6. In terms of different soil types, the lateritic red soil has the highest selenium content, with an average value of 1.04×10-6, while the fluvo-aquic soilhas the lowest selenium content, with an average value of 0.56×10-6. In terms of land use types,the forestland and orchard have a high selenium content in soil, while the paddy field, grassland, and arid land have a low selenium content. Therefore, the selenium content in soil in the study area is mainly affected by soil parent materials, with the selenium enrichmentin soil being affected by the organic matter content to a certain extent.

Key wordsselenium    soil    karst    soil parent material    land use
收稿日期: 2020-12-30      出版日期: 2021-12-21
:  P595  
  X142  
  P632  
基金资助:国家自然科学基金重点项目(41530316);中国地质调查评价项目(DD20160324);广西自然科学基金(2015GXNSFBA139202)
作者简介: 张春来(1984-),男,河南开封人,助理研究员,2010年毕业于中国地质大学(武汉),主要研究方向为环境地球化学和岩溶生态学。Email: chlzhang@yeah.net
引用本文:   
张春来, 杨慧, 黄芬, 曹建华. 广西马山县岩溶区土壤硒含量分布及影响因素研究[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(6): 1497-1503.
ZHANG Chun-Lai, YANG Hui, Huang Fen, CAO Jian-Hua. Distribution and influencing factors of selenium content in soil in karst areas in Mashan County, Guangxi, China. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2021, 45(6): 1497-1503.
链接本文:  
https://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/10.11720/wtyht.2021.1598      或      https://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/Y2021/V45/I6/1497
Fig.1  工作区位置示意(a)及主要土地利用方式(b)
模型 块金值 基台值 块金效应 变程/km 拟合系数 残差
球状模型 0.0188 0.0727 74.10% 2.37 0.981 4.63×10-5
高斯模型 0.0264 0.0726 63.60% 1.96 0.98 4.89×10-5
指数模型 0.0087 0.0733 88.10% 2.46 0.968 7.81×10-5
线性模型 0.0515 0.0800 35.60% 6.82 0.447 1.32×10-3
Table 1  土壤硒的半方差函数模型及相应参数
Fig.2  研究区土壤硒分级评价
Fig.3  不同类型样品土壤硒含量箱型图
样品类型 样品数量 Hg Mn K2O 有机质 pH
整体 492 0.102* -0.246** -0.191** 0.216** 0.003
水田 98 -0.043 -0.206* -0.192 0.307** -0.022
旱地 255 0.162** -0.219** -0.334** 0.505** 0.038
果园 26 0.25 -0.386 -0.602** 0.097 -0.245
有林地 62 0.325* -0.237 -0.389** 0.054 0.075
灌木林地 43 -0.045 -0.466** -0.320* -0.017 0.07
草地 8 0.051 -0.175 -0.509 0.598 0.074
碳酸盐岩 151 0.192* -0.184* -0.182* 0.213** 0.238**
砂页岩 264 0.140* -0.270** -0.160** 0.138* -0.07
冲积物 77 0.603** -0.135 -0.369** 0.417** 0.311**
水稻土 118 -0.127 -0.286** -0.166 0.185* -0.163
红壤 65 0.257* -0.106 0.140 0.298* 0.296*
赤红壤 138 0.051 -0.411** -0.212* 0.351** -0.077
石灰土 111 0.216* -0.182 -0.252** 0.240* 0.224*
潮土 60 0.533** -0.371** -0.212 0.387** -0.229
Table 2  不同样品类型土壤硒与其他指标相关系数统计
[1] 吴永尧, 彭振坤, 罗泽民. 硒的多重生物学功能及对人和动物健康的影响[J]. 湖南农业大学学报, 1997, 23(3):294-300.
[1] Wu Y Y, Peng Z K, Luo Z M. Multi-biological functions of selenium to the health of human beings and animals[J]. Journal of Hunan Agricultural University, 1997, 23(3):294-300.
[2] 刘金旭, 陆肇海, 苏琪. 家畜家禽的硒营养缺乏的调查研究——Ⅰ.我国饲料牧草含硒量的分布(初报)[J]. 中国农业科学, 1985, 18(4):76-81.
[2] Liu J X, Lu Z H, Su Q. Regional selenium deficiency of feedstuffs in China[J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 1985, 17(4):76-79.
[3] 中国科学院地理研究所化学地理研究室环境与地方病组. 我国克山病分布和以粮食低硒为表征的地理环境的关系[J]. 地理学报, 1981, 36(4):369-376.
doi: 10.11821/xb198104003
[3] The Group of Environment and Endemic Disease. The relationship between the distribution of ke-shan disease and the selenium content of foodgrains as a factor of chemical geogra-phical environment[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1981, 36(4):369-376.
[4] Sun G X, Meharg A A, Li G, et al. Distribution of soil selenium in China is potentially controlled by deposition and volatilization?[J]. Nature, 2016, 6:20953.
[5] Liu Y, Tian X, Liu R, et al. Key driving factors of selenium-enriched soil in the low-Se geological belt: A case study in Red Beds of Sichuan Basin, China[J]. Catena, 2021, 196:104926.
doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2020.104926
[6] Pan Z, He S, Li C, et al. Geochemical characteristics of soil selenium and evaluation of Se-rich land resources in the central area of Guiyang City, China[J]. Acta Geochimica, 2017, 36(2):240-249.
doi: 10.1007/s11631-016-0136-0
[7] Zhu J, Zuo W, Liang X, et al. Occurrence of native selenium in Yutangba and its environmental implications[J]. Applied Geochemistry, 2004, 19(3):461-467.
doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2003.09.001
[8] 李杰, 杨志强, 刘枝刚, 等. 南宁市土壤硒分布特征及其影响因素探讨[J]. 土壤学报, 2012, 49(5):1012-1020.
[8] Li J, Yang Z Q, Liu Z G, et al. Distribution of selenium in soils of nanning city and its influencing factors[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2012, 49(5):1012-1020.
[9] 朱建明, 秦海波, 罗泰义, 等. 西南寒武、二叠系富硒碳质岩中硒结合态的比较研究[J]. 高校地质学报, 2007, 13(1):69-74.
[9] Zhu J M, Qin H B, Luo T Y, et al. A comparative study of selenium fractionation in se-rich carbonaceous rocks of lower cambrian and permian in southwest China[J]. Geological Journal of China Universities, 2007, 13(1):69-74.
[10] 覃建勋, 付伟, 郑国东, 等. 广西岩溶区表层土壤硒元素分布特征与影响因素探究——以武鸣县为例[J]. 土壤学报, 2020, 57(5):1299-1310.
[10] Qin J X, Fu W, Zheng G D, et al. Selenium distribution in surface soil layer of Karst area of Guangxi and its affecting factors: A case study of Wuming County[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2020, 57(5):1299-1310.
[11] 黄子龙, 林清梅, 范汝海. 广西全州县富硒土壤地球化学特征[J]. 物探与化探, 2018, 42(2):381-385.
[11] Huang Z L, Lin Q M, Fan R H. Geochemical characteristics of selenium-rich soil in Quanzhou county of Guangxi[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2018, 42(2):381-385.
[12] 柴龙飞, 李杰, 钟晓宇, 等. 广西桂中南部地区富硒土壤硒含量及其与土壤理化性状的关系[J]. 土壤通报, 2019, 50(4):149-153.
[12] Chai L F, Li J, Zhong X Y, et al. Selenium contents and their relationship with main soil properties in farmland soils of southern Guizhong, Guanxi[J]. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 2019, 50(4):899-903.
[13] 杨琼, 侯青叶, 顾秋蓓, 等. 广西武鸣县典型土壤剖面Se的地球化学特征及其影响因素研究[J]. 现代地质, 2016, 30(2):455-462.
[13] Yang Q, Hou Q Y, Gu Q B, et al. Study of geochemical characteristics and influencing factors of soil seleniumin the typical soil profiles in Wuming County of Guangxi[J]. Geoscience, 2016, 30(2):455-462.
[14] 田义超, 黄远林, 张强, 等. 北部湾钦江流域土壤侵蚀及其硒元素流失评估[J]. 中国环境科学, 2019, 39(1):257-273.
[14] Tian Y C, Huang Y L, Zhang Q, et al. Soil erosion and Selenium loss in Qinjiang River Basin in Beibu Gulf coastal zone[J]. China Environmental Science, 2019, 39(1):257-273.
[15] Shao Y, Cai C, Zhang H, et al. Controlling factors of soil selenium distribution in a watershed in Se-enriched and longevity region of South China[J]. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2018, 25:20048-20056.
doi: 10.1007/s11356-018-2091-2
[16] 杨志强, 李杰, 郑国东, 等. 广西北部湾沿海经济区富硒土壤地球化学特征[J]. 物探与化探, 2014, 38(6):1260-1264,1269.
[16] Yang Z Q, Li J, Zheng G D, et al. Geochemical characteristics of selenium-rich soil in Beibu Gulf coastal economic zone of Guangxi[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2014, 38(6):1260-1264, 1269.
[17] 蒋惠俏, 陆国斌, 赵震云, 等. 广西钟山县主要农用地土壤硒的地球化学特征[J]. 矿产与地质, 2020, 34(2):339-346.
[17] Jiang H Q, Lu G B, Zhao Z Y, et al. Geochemical characteristics of soil selenium in main agricultural land in Zhongshan County, Guangxi[J]. Minerals and Geology, 2020, 34(2):339-346.
[18] Fordyce F M. Selenium Deficiency and Toxicity in the Environment[M]// Selinus O, Alloway B J, Centeno J A, et al. Essentials of Medical Geology: Revised Edition. Dordrecht:Springer Netherlands. 2013: 375-416.
[19] 刘铮. 中国土壤微量元素[M]. 南京: 江苏科学技术出版社, 1996.
[19] Liu Z. Trace element in Chinese soil[M]. Nanjing: Jiangsu Science and Technology Press, 1996.
[20] 雒昆利, 李会杰, 牛彩香, 等. 中国西南地区二叠纪乐平世陆生生物大灭绝期煤中砷和硒的演化及古环境意义[J]. 古地理学报, 2008, 10(4):385-394.
[20] Luo K L, Li H J, Niu C X, et al. Evolution of arsenic and selenium of coals during mass extinction of land species in the Permian in southwestern China and its palaeoenvironmental significance[J]. Journal of Palaeogeography, 2008, 10(4):385-394.
[21] 余涛, 杨忠芳, 王锐, 等. 恩施典型富硒区土壤硒与其他元素组合特征及来源分析[J]. 土壤, 2018, 50(6):1119-1125.
[21] Yu T, Yang Z F, Wang R, et al. Characteristics and sources of soil selenium and other elements in typical high selenium soil area of Enshi[J]. Soils, 2018, 50(6):1119-1125.
[22] 时章亮, 金立新, 廖超, 等. 四川雷波县重点耕地区土壤硒含量特征及其成因分析[J]. 物探与化探, 2020, 44(5):1253-1260.
[22] Shi Z L, Jin L X, Liao C, et al. Content characteristics and genesis of soil selenium in important cultivated areas of Leibo County, Sichuan Province[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2020, 44(5):1253-1260.
[23] 余飞, 张风雷, 张永文, 等. 重庆典型农业区土壤硒地球化学特征及影响因素[J]. 物探与化探, 2020, 44(4):830-838.
[23] Yu F, Zhang F L, Zhang Y W, et al. Geochemical characteristics and influential factors of soil selenium in typical agricultural area, Chongqing[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2020, 44(4):830-838.
[24] 蒋慧豪, 罗杰, 蔡立梅, 等. 广东省普宁市土壤硒的分布特征及影响因素研究[J]. 现代地质, 2019, 33(1):161-168.
[24] Jiang H H, Luo J, Cai L M, et al. Distribution of selenium and its influencing factors in soils of Puning City, Guangdong Province[J]. Geoscience, 2019, 33(1):161-168.
[25] 郭莉, 杨忠芳, 阮起和, 等. 北京市平原区土壤中硒的含量和分布[J]. 现代地质, 2012, 26(5):859-864.
[25] Guo L, Yang Z F, Ruan Q H, et al. Content and distribution of selenium in soil of Beijing Plain[J]. Geoscience, 2012, 26(5):859-864.
[26] 班玲, 丁永福. 广西土壤中硒的分布特征[J]. 中国环境监测, 1992, 8(3):100-103.
[26] Ban L, Ding Y F. Distribution characteristics of selenium in Guangxi soil[J]. China Environmental Monitoring, 1992, 8(3):100-103.
[27] Qin H B, Zhu J M, Liang L, et al. The bioavailability of selenium and risk assessment for human selenium poisoning in high-Se areas, China[J]. Environment International, 2013, 52(1):66-74.
doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2012.12.003
[28] 徐文, 唐文浩, 邝春兰, 等. 海南省土壤中硒含量及影响因素分析[J]. 安徽农业科学, 2010, 38(6):3026-3027.
[28] Xu W, Tang W H, Kuang C L, et al. Analysis on content of Se in coil of Hainan Province and its influencing factors[J]. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences, 2010, 38(6):3026-3027.
[29] 赵少华, 宇万太, 张璐, 等. 环境中硒的生物地球化学循环和营养调控及分异成因[J]. 生态学杂志, 2005, 24(10):1197-1203.
[29] Zhao S H, Yu W T, Zhang L, et al. Biogeochemical cycling of selenium,nutrition adjustment and differentiation cause in environment[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2005, 24(10):1197-1203.
[30] 戴慧敏, 宫传东, 董北, 等. 东北平原土壤硒分布特征及影响因素[J]. 土壤学报, 2015, 52(6):1356-1364.
[30] Dai H M, Gong C D, Dong B, et al. Distribution of soil selenium in the northeast china plain and its influencing factors[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2015, 52(6):1356-1364.
[31] 蔡立梅, 王硕, 温汉辉, 等. 土壤硒富集空间分布特征及影响因素研究[J]. 农业工程学报, 2019, 35(10):83-90.
[31] Cai L M, Wang S, Wen H H, et al. Enrichment spatial distribution characteristics of soil selenium and its influencing factors[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2019, 35(10):83-90.
[32] 杨忠芳, 余涛, 侯青叶, 等. 海南岛农田土壤Se的地球化学特征[J]. 现代地质, 2012, 26(5):837-849.
[32] Yang Z F, Yu T, Hou Q Y, et al. Geochemical characteristics of soil selenium in farmland of Hainan Island[J]. Geoscience, 2012, 26(5):837-849.
[33] 王子健. 中国低硒带生态环境中硒的环境行为研究进展[J]. 环境化学, 1993, 12(3):237-243.
[33] Wang Z J. Some biogeochemical aspects of selenium in chinese low-selenium belt[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 1993, 12(3):237-243.
[34] 张驰, 吴永尧, 彭振坤. 植物硒的研究进展[J]. 湖北民族学院学报:自然科学版, 2002, 20(3):58-62.
[34] Zhang C, Wu Y Y, Peng Z K. Progress in the research of selenium in plants[J]. Journal of Hubei Institute for Nationalities:Natural Sciences, 2002, 20(3):58-62.
[35] 张秀芝, 马忠社, 王志军, 等. 唐山开滦煤矿区Se、Hg元素地球化学特征及其迁移循环规律研究[J]. 地质科学, 2012, 47(3):908-920.
[35] Zhang X Z, Ma Z S, Wang Z J, et al. Study of geochemistry character and transportation pattern of selenium and mercury in Kailuan coal feild of Tangshan[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2012, 47(3):908-920.
[1] 王志强, 杨建锋, 魏丽馨, 石天池, 曹园园. 石嘴山地区碱性土壤硒地球化学特征及生物有效性[J]. 物探与化探, 2022, 46(1): 229-237.
[2] 赵筱媛, 杨忠芳, 程惠怡, 马旭东, 王珏, 李志坤, 王琛, 李明辉, 雷风华. 四川邻水县华蓥山—西槽土壤Cu地球化学特征与生态健康[J]. 物探与化探, 2022, 46(1): 238-249.
[3] 孟伟, 莫春虎, 刘应忠. 黔西北地区土壤重金属地球化学背景及管理目标值[J]. 物探与化探, 2022, 46(1): 250-257.
[4] 李建亭, 刘雪敏, 王学求, 韩志轩, 江瑶. 地表土壤微细粒测量中微量元素和同位素对福建罗卜岭隐伏铜钼矿床的示踪与判别[J]. 物探与化探, 2022, 46(1): 32-45.
[5] 侯佳渝, 杨耀栋, 程绪江. 天津市城区不同功能区绿地土壤重金属分布特征及来源研究[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(5): 1130-1134.
[6] 肖高强, 向龙洲, 代达龙, 高晓红, 宗庆霞. 花岗质岩浆岩土壤重金属地球化学特征及生态风险评价——以云南盈江旧城—姐冒地区为例[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(5): 1135-1146.
[7] 刘道荣, 焦森. 天然富硒土壤成因分类研究及开发适宜性评价[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(5): 1157-1163.
[8] 解庆锋, 周小果, 王振峰, 马振波, 李胜昌, 张得恩, 司法祯. 河南省土壤环境监测背景点位布设参考区域划分研究[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(5): 1164-1170.
[9] 蔡盛. 张吉怀铁路隧道超前预报技术应用研究[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(5): 1275-1280.
[10] 奚小环, 侯青叶, 杨忠芳, 叶家瑜, 余涛, 夏学齐, 成杭新, 周国华, 姚岚. 基于大数据的中国土壤背景值与基准值及其变化特征研究——写在《中国土壤地球化学参数》出版之际[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(5): 1095-1108.
[11] 刘国栋, 李禄军, 戴慧敏, 许江, 刘凯, 张一鶴, 杨泽. 松辽平原土壤碳库变化及其原因分析[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(5): 1109-1120.
[12] 赵辰, 孙彬彬, 周国华, 贺灵, 曾道明. 福建龙海杨梅生态地质适生模型研究与应用[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(5): 1121-1129.
[13] 史琪, 赵延朋, 迟占东, 葛华, 康铁锁, 李发兴, 魏翔宇, 卢见昆, 杨人毅. 老挝川圹省约俄锡多金属矿区沟系土壤地球化学特征及成矿预测[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(4): 824-834.
[14] 窦备, 张必敏, 叶荣, 迟清华. 黄土覆盖区隐伏矿地球化学勘查技术试验研究——以河南中河堤银铅锌多金属矿为例[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(4): 933-941.
[15] 雷波, 兰明, 贺锋, 鲁宝龙, 罗才武. 基于熵—中位数子区滤波提取土壤氡气浓度异常——以甘肃省花海盆地为例[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(4): 1064-1070.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
京ICP备05055290号-3
版权所有 © 2021《物探与化探》编辑部
通讯地址:北京市学院路29号航遥中心 邮编:100083
电话:010-62060192;62060193 E-mail:whtbjb@sina.com