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物探与化探  2021, Vol. 45 Issue (6): 1367-1377    DOI: 10.11720/wtyht.2021.1185
  地质调查·资源勘查 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
青海省天峻县阳康地区花岗岩岩体锆石U-Pb年代学及地球化学特征研究
方永坤1,2,3,4(), 曹成刚1,2,3,4, 董峻麟5, 李领贵5
1.青海省环境地质勘查局,青海 西宁 810001
2.青海九零六工程勘察设计院,青海 西宁 810001
3.青海省环境地质重点实验室,青海 西宁 810001
4.青海省地质环境保护与灾害防治工程技术研究中心,青海 西宁 810001
5.青海省第五地质勘查院,青海 西宁 810000
Geochronology and geochemistry of the granodiorite intrusion in Yangkang area of Qinghai Province and its geological significance
FANG Yong-Kun1,2,3,4(), Cao Cheng-Gang1,2,3,4, DONG Jun-Lin5, LI Ling-Gui5
1. Qinghai Environmental Geological Exploration Bureau, Xining 810000, China
2. No.906 Engineering Survey and Design Institute of Qinghai Province, Xining 810000, China
3. Key Laboratory of Environmental Geology Qinghai Province,Xining 810000, China
4. Qinghai Engineering Research Center of Geoenvironment Pritection and Geohazard prevention,Xining 810000, China
5. No.5 Geological and Mineral Survey Institute of Qinghai Province, Xining 810000, China
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摘要 

对南祁连阳康地区花岗闪长岩岩体进行了锆石U-Pb年代学及岩石地球化学研究,以便对其岩石成因和中—南祁连消减拼合作用的开始时间给予制约。花岗闪长岩中LA-ICP-MS锆石U-Pb定年结果表明,该岩体形成于晚奥陶世(444±1.2 Ma, MSWD=1.14),属于高钾钙碱性系列,A/CNK值介于1.007~1.104,属弱过铝质,为I型花岗岩,并且明显富集大离子亲石元素(如K、Ba、Rb)、轻稀土元素(LREE)及Th,相对亏损高场强元素(如Ta、Nb)。上述结果表明,该类岩体的原始岩浆应起源于地壳的部分熔融。综合区域同时代火成岩的研究成果,认为花岗闪长岩岩体形成于活动大陆边缘的构造背景。

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方永坤
曹成刚
董峻麟
李领贵
关键词 晚奥陶世锆石U-Pb测年岩石地球化学阳康花岗岩南祁连块体    
Abstract

The formation age and petrogenesis of the Yangkang granites in the Qilian block remain controversial. In this study, LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb dating and whole-rock geochemical analysis were conducted to constrain the petrogenetic and tectonic processes during the formation of the granites. The results show that U-Pb age of granodiorite in Yangkang pluton is 444±1.2Ma, (MSWD=1.14), indicating that it was formed in the early Late Ordovician and that the rocks belong to weak peraluminous-strong peraluminous I-type granite.The rocks are enriched with large ion lithophile elements (K,Ba, Rb) and Light Rare Earth Elements (LREEs) and Th, but depleted in the high field strength elements (e.g., Ta-Nb). The above results show that Yangkang granites were derived from partial melting of continental crust. Combined with the regional data, the authors suggest that the Yangkang granites were probably formed in an active continental margin during Late Ordovician.

Key wordslate Ordovician    zircon U-Pb dating    rock geochemistry    Yangkang granite    south Qilian block
收稿日期: 2020-04-19      出版日期: 2021-12-21
:  P632  
基金资助:青海省地质勘查基金项目“青海省天峻县阳康地区J47E13011等五幅1∶5万区域地质矿产调查”(青国土资矿[2011]277)
作者简介: 方永坤(1986-),男,硕士,工程师,矿床地球化学方向。Email: 36529429@qq.com
引用本文:   
方永坤, 曹成刚, 董峻麟, 李领贵. 青海省天峻县阳康地区花岗岩岩体锆石U-Pb年代学及地球化学特征研究[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(6): 1367-1377.
FANG Yong-Kun, Cao Cheng-Gang, DONG Jun-Lin, LI Ling-Gui. Geochronology and geochemistry of the granodiorite intrusion in Yangkang area of Qinghai Province and its geological significance. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2021, 45(6): 1367-1377.
链接本文:  
https://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/10.11720/wtyht.2021.1185      或      https://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/Y2021/V45/I6/1367
Fig.1  研究区地质简图(据参考文献[19]修改)
Fig.2  阳康地区花岗闪长岩锆石阴极发光图像
样品号 含量/10-6 同位素比值 年龄/Ma
Pb U 206Pb/238U 207Pb/235U 207Pb/206U 208Pb/232U 232Pb/238U 206Pb/238U 207Pb/235U 207Pb/206U
1 63 638 0.0707 0.0004 0.5532 0.0097 0.0568 0.0010 0.0226 0.0004 1.6932 0.0068 440 3 447 8 482 38
2 48 628 0.0707 0.0004 0.5410 0.0090 0.0555 0.0009 0.0235 0.0007 0.6166 0.0015 440 3 439 7 432 36
3 78 920 0.0710 0.0004 0.5520 0.0077 0.0564 0.0008 0.0240 0.0010 0.9622 0.0009 442 2 446 6 468 31
5 23 235 0.0721 0.0006 0.5671 0.0315 0.0571 0.0032 0.0277 0.0018 1.3363 0.0021 449 4 456 25 495 122
7 21 247 0.0713 0.0005 0.5598 0.0333 0.0569 0.0034 0.0330 0.0028 0.6607 0.0042 444 3 451 27 489 132
8 44 515 0.0706 0.0005 0.5488 0.0134 0.0564 0.0013 0.0355 0.0033 0.6807 0.0014 440 3 444 11 467 51
9 27 315 0.0719 0.0004 0.5660 0.0186 0.0571 0.0019 0.0310 0.0029 0.7146 0.0032 448 3 455 15 494 72
10 18 201 0.0720 0.0005 0.5630 0.0280 0.0567 0.0028 0.0290 0.0026 0.8715 0.0019 448 3 453 23 482 109
11 14 167 0.0718 0.0005 0.5527 0.0353 0.0559 0.0035 0.0300 0.0025 0.6928 0.0006 447 3 447 29 447 140
13 20 232 0.0719 0.0005 0.5566 0.0259 0.0561 0.0026 0.0234 0.0015 1.0709 0.0039 448 3 449 21 458 102
15 21 258 0.0713 0.0004 0.5546 0.0192 0.0564 0.0020 0.0219 0.0011 0.8837 0.0045 444 3 448 16 470 77
16 14 182 0.0716 0.0005 0.5564 0.0243 0.0564 0.0024 0.0201 0.0010 0.6374 0.0030 446 3 449 20 468 95
17 37 534 0.0712 0.0004 0.5471 0.0108 0.0557 0.0011 0.0182 0.0009 0.3169 0.0017 443 3 443 9 442 43
20 21 318 0.0718 0.0004 0.5666 0.0210 0.0572 0.0021 0.0201 0.0008 0.0628 0.0003 447 3 456 17 499 82
23 15 184 0.0708 0.0004 0.5558 0.0207 0.0569 0.0021 0.0201 0.0008 0.8942 0.0039 441 3 449 17 489 81
24 32 436 0.0717 0.0004 0.5524 0.0121 0.0559 0.0012 0.0180 0.0007 0.4893 0.0004 447 2 447 10 447 48
26 17 211 0.0714 0.0004 0.5634 0.0191 0.0572 0.0019 0.0192 0.0009 0.8418 0.0031 445 3 454 15 499 73
30 18 244 0.0712 0.0004 0.5579 0.0207 0.0568 0.0021 0.0205 0.0011 0.4750 0.0007 443 3 450 17 485 81
Table 1  阳康地区花岗闪长岩同位素测年结果
Fig.3  阳康地区花岗闪长岩的U-Pb年龄谐和图(a)和加权平均年龄(b)
指标 PM07-3 PM07-8 PM017-7 PM017-8 QC8112
SiO2 68.14 69.05 64.72 67.81 68.83
LOS 0.69 0.9 2.02 1.82 1.33
FeO 3.88 3.42 2.83 3.68 3.95
Fe2O3 0.54 0.61 0.71 1.06 0.85
TiO2 0.38 0.29 0.37 0.53 0.55
Al2O3 14.9 14.06 16.87 13.53 13.08
CaO 2.52 1.91 2.92 2.29 2.58
MgO 0.44 0.37 1.19 1.89 1.73
K2O 3.91 3.9 3.51 3.81 3.86
Na2O 3.6 3.38 3.75 2.47 2.37
MnO 0.1 0.08 0.06 0.08 0.08
P2O5 0.07 0.07 0.1 0.15 0.15
Total 99.17 99.15 99.05 99.12 99.36
ALK 7.51 7.28 7.26 6.28 6.23
Na2O/K2O 0.92 0.87 1.07 0.65 0.61
A/CNK 1.007 1.059 1.104 1.094 1.024
Mg# 61.75 54.58 76.85 77.93 80.13
La 35.5 103 27.7 41.2 43.6
Ce 84.6 187 50.8 81.2 86.5
Pr 11.5 20.9 5.71 9.12 9.71
Nd 47.1 72.7 20.5 32.8 34.1
Sm 9.56 11.70 5.28 5.78 5.88
Eu 1.95 2.29 0.96 0.94 0.82
Gd 7.81 8.52 4.23 4.73 4.64
Tb 1.37 1.42 0.47 0.8 0.79
Dy 7.54 6.99 2.49 4.29 4.04
Ho 1.49 1.34 0.5 0.83 0.79
Er 4.13 3.68 1.39 2.29 2.19
Tm 0.69 0.6 0.24 0.38 0.38
Yb 4.24 3.85 1.51 2.42 2.42
Lu 0.65 0.61 0.24 0.39 0.36
Y 38.6 33.8 13.8 22.2 21.5
ΣREE 256.70 458.40 133.06 209.37 217.72
LREE 190.21 397.59 109.6 171.04 180.61
HREE 27.92 27.01 9.66 16.13 15.61
w(LREE)/w(HREE) 6.81 14.72 11.35 10.6 11.57
[w(La)/w(Yb)]N 5.64 26.75 18.34 17.02 18.02
δEu 0.67 0.67 0.98 0.53 0.46
δCe 1.00 0.92 0.92 0.97 0.97
Li 41.8 16.1 37.8 58.1 57.2
Ga 21.6 19.5 20.7 17.6 17.6
Rb 102 125 138 152 152
Sr 357 222 354 218 225
Nb 11.6 14.3 9.23 12.9 13.2
Ba 1089 1277 815 813 890
Ta 0.77 1 0.82 1.19 1.13
Th 5.1 19.7 9.45 19.5 18.7
Zr 270 496.3 157 194 184
Sn 2.6 2.3 1.8 2.4 2.9
Se 0.03 0 0.02 0.06 0.03
w(Nb)/w(Ta) 15.06 14.30 11.26 10.84 11.68
w(Rb)/w(Sr) 0.29 0.56 0.39 0.70 0.68
w(La)/w(Nb) 3.06 7.2 3.0 3.19 3.3
Table 2  花岗闪长岩主量元素、稀土元素和微量元素含量及有关参数
Fig.4  阳康地区TAS岩石分类图解
Fig.5  w(SiO2)-w(K2O)图解(a)和ANK-A/CNK图解(b)
Fig.6  球粒陨石标准化稀土元素配分模式图解(a)和原始地幔标准化微量元素蛛网图(b)
Fig.7  w(La)/w(Sm)-w(La)图解
Fig.8  w(Nb)-w(Y)图解(a)和w(Rb)-[w(Y)+w(Nb)]图解(b)
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