Turbidite reservoirs have always been an important exploration type in the Jiyang depression.After years of exploration and development,the turbidites are mainly of the heterogeneous isomorphic type.The sandstone reservoirs of this type of turbidites have similar velocity,density,and seismic waveforms to those of non-reservoirs and thus are difficult to identify using conventional seismic attributes and poststack impedance.Therefore,a reservoir description method based on prestack multi-parameter sensitivity factor fusion was established.This method mainly included three steps.Firstly,major factors affecting the accuracy of shear wave estimation were analyzed,and then the multi-mineral-component shear wave prediction technology based on a modified xu-white model was established to improve the accuracy of shear wave prediction and lay a foundation for the accurate prediction of elastic parameters. Secondly,a quantitative evaluation method of sensitivity factors was proposed based on reflection coefficient ratios to obtain three sensitive elastic parameters,namely Murho,Lambrho,and POIS.The fusion index F of sensitivity factors was constructed by using the three elastic parameters.The purpose is to reduce the strong multiplicity of solutions of a single parameter and accurately identify rock properties.Thirdly,the prestack inversion technology was used for the inversion of sensitive elastic parameters.The three sensitivity parameters of sandstone information were fused using the fusion model of the RGB primary color information to realize a fine-scale prediction of lithology.This method was applied to the exploration of a deep-water turbidite reservoir around well-Tuo-71 in the Jiyang depression.The distribution of deep-water turbidite fan reservoirs in the study area was accurately predicted.The coincidence degree between the prediction results and the actual drilling reached 85%,indicating the improved accuracy of reservoir identification and description.The results of this study have contributed to an interpreted favorable sand body area of 9.5 km2 and the deployment of more than 10 exploration and development wells.Among these wells,five have yielded industrial oil flow after competition and being put into operation,and their new production capacity is expected to be 2×104 t。
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