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物探与化探  2020, Vol. 44 Issue (3): 643-648    DOI: 10.11720/wtyht.2020.1414
     工程勘察 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
基于二维电测深数据作三维反演的基岩探测
李忠平, 王晓华
中国冶金地质总局 山东正元地质勘查院,山东 济南 250014
Bedrock detection based on two-dimensional electrical sounding data for three-dimensional inversion
Zhong-Ping LI, Xiao-Hua WANG
Zhengyuan Geology & Exploration Institute of Shandong,Bureau of China Metallurgy and Geology,Jinan 250014,China
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摘要 

在城市基岩面探测时,受到城市交通、电磁等严重干扰的制约,常选用直流电测深作为主要物探方法。二维电测深剖面沿测线排列电极,采集视电阻率数据后进行二维反演,用所获得剖面方向上的二维电阻率断面图像推断地质体的位置及产状。但由于复杂的实际情况并非适合二维反演条件(走向无限延展并与测线正交),二维反演会产生较大误差。为此,可试用测区多剖面二维电测深数据作三维反演,获得测区三维电阻率立体图像,推断地质体分布的空间形态。在山东某市地质调查中,布设点距50 m、线距为100 m电测深测网,采集二维对称四极测深数据。对该测区二维电极排列建立三维反演数据格式后,进行三维电阻率反演,获得测区三维电阻率图像,推断的基岩面与钻探验证基本一致。

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李忠平
王晓华
关键词 对称四极测深二维测深电极排列数据格式三维电阻率反演基岩面    
Abstract

In the detection of urban bedrock surfaces, due to the severe urban traffic and electromagnetic interference, direct current sounding is often used as the main geophysical method. The two-dimensional electrical sounding profile arranges electrodes along the survey line, collects the apparent resistivity data and performs two-dimensional inversion, and uses the obtained two-dimensional resistivity cross-sectional image in the direction of the profile to infer the location and attitude of the geological body. However, due to the complicated actual situation, it is not suitable for the two-dimensional inversion conditions (infinitely extending and orthogonal to the survey line), and the two-dimensional inversion will produce large errors. In view of such a situation, three-dimensional inversion of multi-section two-dimensional electric sounding data of the survey area can be used to obtain three-dimensional resistivity stereo images of the survey area, and the spatial form of geological body distribution can be inferred. In a geological survey of a city in Shandong Province, an electrical sounding network with a distance of 50m and a line spacing of 100m was set up to collect two-dimensional symmetrical quadrupole sounding data. After establishing a three-dimensional inversion data format for the two-dimensional electrode arrangement in the survey area, a three-dimensional resistivity inversion was performed to obtain a three-dimensional resistivity image of the survey area. The inferred bedrock surface is basically the same as the drilling verification.

Key wordssymmetrical quadrupole sounding    2D sounding electrode arrangement    data format    three-dimensional resistivity inversion    bedrock surface
收稿日期: 2019-09-02      出版日期: 2020-06-24
ZTFLH:  P631  
作者简介: 李忠平(1965-),男,硕士,高级工程师,从事物探找矿研究工作。Email: xjywt@163.com
引用本文:   
李忠平, 王晓华. 基于二维电测深数据作三维反演的基岩探测[J]. 物探与化探, 2020, 44(3): 643-648.
Zhong-Ping LI, Xiao-Hua WANG. Bedrock detection based on two-dimensional electrical sounding data for three-dimensional inversion. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2020, 44(3): 643-648.
链接本文:  
http://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/10.11720/wtyht.2020.1414      或      http://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/Y2020/V44/I3/643
Fig.1  二维测深剖面布置
Fig.2  平面电极点位分布
Fig.3  测区二维测深反演电阻率断面
Fig.4  三维反演基岩面立体图
Fig.5  三维反演基岩面水平垂直切片
Fig.6  不同深度三维反演基岩面切片
Fig.7  三维反演基岩面验证成果
1—第四系山前组;2—推断基岩面;3—奥陶系马家沟组五阳山段;4—验证钻孔
Fig.8  3号剖面二维测深反演断面及三维Y-Z平面反演断面
1—第四系山前组;2—推断基岩面;3—奥陶系马家沟组五阳山段;4—验证钻孔
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