Please wait a minute...
E-mail Alert Rss
 
物探与化探  2020, Vol. 44 Issue (3): 489-498    DOI: 10.11720/wtyht.2020.1549
     地质调查·资源勘查 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
根据重磁资料解释河北断裂体系与地震地质构造
方菲
河北省地震局,河北 石家庄 050021
Interpretation of Hebei fault system and seismogeological structure based on gravity and magnetic data
Fei FANG
Hebei Earthquake Agency,Shijiazhuang 050021,China
全文: PDF(3324 KB)   HTML
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 

河北省是我国主要的强震发生区,研究区内的地震地质构造对认识地震灾害具有重要意义。笔者根据1:20万区域重力、1:20万~1:5万航磁资料,采用小波多尺度断裂分析方法,研究河北断裂体系,并应用于地震地质构造分析。重点分析了1966年邢台7.2级、1976年唐山7.8级及1679年三河—平谷8级地震的发震断裂特征,发现新河断裂、唐山断裂与夏垫断裂,其浅部断裂与深部断裂关系密切,邢台7.2级地震的浅部断裂与深部断裂平面位置重叠,邢台7.2级地震是下部深断裂与浅部信合断裂共同作用的结果。本次研究指出,重力航磁资料处理解释是研究地震地质构造的一种有效、快捷及经济的方法,它能够为地震地质构造研究提供重要的信息。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
方菲
关键词 河北重力航磁断裂体系地震地质构造    
Abstract

Hebei Province is one of the major areas where strong earthquakes occur in China, and the study of seismic structures in this area is of great significance to the understanding of earthquake disasters. Based on the 1:200 000 regional gravity and 1:200 000~1:50 000 aeromagnetic data, the fault system in Hebei Province is systematically studied by using the wavelet multi-scale fault analysis method, and applied to seismological structure analysis. The characteristics of the seismogenic faults of the 1966 Xingtai M7.2,1976 Tangshan M7.8 and 1679 Sanhe—Pinggu M8 earthquake are emphatically analyzed. It is found that the shallow faults of Xinhe fault, Tangshan fault and Xiadian fault are closely related to the deep faults. The plane position of shallow faults overlapped with the deep faults of the Xingtai M7.2 earthquake. The Xingtai M7.2 earthquake is the result of the joint action of the lower deep faults and the shallow Xinhe fault. It is concluded that the processing and interpretation of gravity and aeromagnetic data is an effective, fast and economical method for studying seismogeological structures, which can provide important information for the study of Seismogeological structures.

Key wordsHebei Province    gravity    aeromagnetic survey    fracture system    seismological structure
收稿日期: 2019-11-25      出版日期: 2020-06-24
ZTFLH:  P631  
基金资助:宁夏回族自治区科技厅项目“吴忠—灵武地区地热资源研究”(2018bfg02012);“深地探测”国家重点研发计划项目“华北克拉通辽东/胶东重要成矿区带金多金属矿深部预测及勘查示范”(2018YFC0603803-01)
作者简介: 方菲(1988-),女,学士,主要从事震害防御工作。Email: 249874593@qq.com
引用本文:   
方菲. 根据重磁资料解释河北断裂体系与地震地质构造[J]. 物探与化探, 2020, 44(3): 489-498.
Fei FANG. Interpretation of Hebei fault system and seismogeological structure based on gravity and magnetic data. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2020, 44(3): 489-498.
链接本文:  
http://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/10.11720/wtyht.2020.1549      或      http://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/Y2020/V44/I3/489
Fig.1  河北省及北京布格重力异常
Fig.2  河北省及北京剩余重力异常
Fig.3  河北省及北京航磁ΔT异常
Fig.4  河北省及北京化极磁异常
Fig.5  利用小波模极大值识别地质体边界
Fig.6  其他边界识别方法对比(图中黑框为模型边界)
Fig.7  河北省及北京重力异常小波断裂分析
(a)、(b)、(c)、(d)为小波二阶细节45°、135°、90°、0°投影
Fig.8  河北省及北京航磁小波断裂分析
(a)、(b)、(c)、(d)为小波二阶细节45°、135°、90°、0°投影
Fig.9  河北省及北京根据重磁资料解释的断裂体系
Fig.10  重力异常小波分析
Fig.13  唐山重力小波分析(图中红线为唐山断裂)
Fig.11  束鹿南部次凹断裂与强震震中分布
1—一般断裂;2—主要断裂;3—地震勘探测线;4—地震震中(数字为震级)
Fig.12  新河断裂石油地震勘探与人工地震测深结果
1—纵波速度(km/s);2—断裂;3—破碎带;4—M=7.2;5—M=6.7;6—M=5~5.9;7—M=4~4.9;8—震源断层面
Fig.14  三河—平谷航磁异常小波分析(图中红线为夏垫断裂)
[1] 杨理华, 赵喜柱, 靳雅敏, 等. 河北省地震构造[J]. 华北地震科学, 1985,3(1):20-27.
[1] Yang L H, Zhao X Z, Jin Y M, et al. Seismic structure of Hebei Province[J]. North China Earthquake Sciences, 1985,3(1):20-27.
[2] 黄汲清, 任纪舜, 姜春发, 等. 中国大地构造及其演化[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 1983: 101-107.
[2] Huang J Q, Ren J S, Jiang C F, et al. Geotectonic evolution of China[M]. Beijing: Beijing Science Press, 1983: 101-107.
[3] 马宗晋. 活动构造基础与工程地震[M]. 北京: 地震出版社, 1992: 20-36.
[3] Ma Z J. Active structural foundation and engineering earthquake[M]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 1992; 20-36.
[4] 张亚东, 董杰, 肖金平. 河北省地质构造重力推断解释[J]. 物探与化探, 2011,35(2):5-10.
[4] Zhang Y D, Dong J, Xiao J P. Gravity deduction and interpretation of geological structure in Hebei province[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2011,35(2):5-10.
[5] 李文广, 施兴, 王德启, 等. 河北省航磁局部异常的形成因素及与成矿的关系[J]. 物探与化探, 2010,34(6):791-794.
[5] Li W G, Shi X, Wang Q D, et al. The relationship between local aeromagnetic anomaly characteristic and mineralization in Hebei province[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2010,34(6):791-794.
[6] 施兴, 彭朝晖, 潘佩璋. 河北省航磁资料的研究程度与找矿潜力分析[J]. 物探与化探, 2009,33(4):374-388.
[6] Shi X, Peng Z H, Pan P Z. Analysis on the research degree and prospecting potential of aeromagnetic data in Hebei Province[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2009,33(4):374-388.
[7] 邵时雄, 安仲元, 韩书华. 河北平原新构造运动主要特征分析[J]. 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 1984,44(4):67-77.
[7] Shao S X, An Z Y, Han S H. An analysis of major neotectonics features of Hebei plain[J]. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 1984,44(4):67-77.
[8] 熊盛青, 杨海, 丁燕云, 等. 中国航磁大地构造单元划分[J]. 中国地质, 2018,45(4):658-680.
[8] Xiong S Q, Yang H, Ding Y Y, et al. Subdivision of tectonic units in China based on aeromagnetic data[J]. Chinese Geology, 2018,45(4):658-680.
[9] Hood P, Mcclure D J. Gradient measurements in ground magnetic prospecting[J]. Geophysics, 1965,30(3):403-410.
[10] Nabighian M N, Misac N. The analytic signal of two-dimensional magnetic bodies with polygonal cross-section:Its properties and use for automated anomaly interpretation[J]. Geophysics, 1972,37(3):507-517.
[11] Cordell L. Gravimetric expression of graben faulting in Santa Fe Country and the Espanola Basin, New Mexico[J] Science, 2014,192(4234):43.
doi: 10.1126/science.192.4234.43-a pmid: 17734950
[12] Hugh G M, Vijay S. Potential field tilt—a new concept for location of potential field sources[J]. 1994,32(2-3):213-217.
[13] Wijns C, Perez C, Kowalczyk P. Theta map: Edge detection in magnetic data[J]. Geophysics, 2005,70(4):39-43.
[14] Maurizio F, Tatiana Q. Wavelet analysis for the regional-residual and local separation of potential field anomalies[J]. Geophysical Prospecting, 1998,46(5):507-525.
[15] Ucan O N, Seker S, Albora A M, et al. Separation of magnetic fields in geophysical studies using a 2-D multi-resolution Wavelet analysis approach[J]. Journal of the balkan geophysical society, 2000,3(3):53-58.
[16] Ridsdill S T. Separating aeromagnetic anomalies using wavelet matched filters[J]. Seg Technical Program Expanded Abstracts, 1999,17(1):2092.
[17] Mallat S. 杨力华. 信号处理的小波导引[M]. 北京: 机械工业出版社, 2002.
[17] Mallat S, Yang L H. Small waveguide guide for signal processing[M]. Beijing: China Machine Press, 2002.
[18] 李世雄, 刘家琦. 小波变换与反演数学基础[M]. 北京: 地质出版社, 1994.
[18] Li S X, Liu J Q. Wavelet transform and mathematical basis of inversion[M]. Beijing: Geology Press, 1984.
[19] 秦前清, 杨宗凯. 实用小波分析[M]. 西安: 西安电子科技大学出版社, 1994.
[19] Qin Q Q, Yang Z K. Practical wavelet analysis [M]. Xi'an: Xidian University Press, 1994.
[20] 刘天佑. 位场勘探数据处理新方法[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 2007.
[20] Liu T Y. A new data processing method for potential field exploration[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2007.
[21] 杨宇山, 李媛媛, 刘天佑. 小波细节的微分特征及其在重力场断裂分析中的应用[J]. 地质与勘探, 2003,39(1):41-44.
[21] Yang Y S, Li Y Y, Liu T Y. Differential characteristics of wavelet details and its application in gravity fracture analysis[J]. Geology and Prospecting, 2003,39(1):41-44.
[22] 张先, 赵丽, 刘天佑, 等. 北京地区航磁异常的多尺度分解及断裂研究[J]. 地震学报, 28(5):504-512.
[22] Zhang X, Zhao L, Liu T Y, et al. Multiscale decomposition and fracture study of aeromagnetic anomalies in Beijing area[J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica, 28(5):504-512.
[23] 王景明. 华北地震灾害与对策[M]. 北京: 地震出版社,1993:1- 12, 24-36.
[23] Wang J M. Earthquake disaster and Countermeasures in North China[M]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 1993: 1- 12, 24-36.
[24] 王景明. 华北地震灾害与对策[M]. 北京: 地震出版社, 1993: 1- 12, 24-36.
[24] Wang J M. Earthquake disaster and countermeasures in North China[M]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 1993: 1- 12, 24-36.
[25] 张四昌, 赵军, 刁桂苓. 华北地区震源断层与深浅构造关系的初步研究[J]. 华北地震科学, 1995,13(3):1-10.
[25] Zhang S C, Zhao J, Diao G L. A preliminary study on the relationship between focal faults and deep shallow structures in North China[J]. North China Earthquake Sciences, 1995,13(3):1-10.
[26] 徐杰, 牛娈芳. 唐山—河间—磁县新生地震构造带[J]. 地震地质, 1996,18(3):193-198.
[26] Xu J, Niu L F. Tangshan—Hejian—Cixian Cenozoic seismic structural belt[J]. Seismology and Geology, 1996,18(3):193-198.
[27] 徐杰, 方仲景, 杨理华. 1966年邢台7.2级地震的构造背景和发震构造[J]. 地震地质, 1988,10(4):51-59.
[27] Xu J, Fang J J, Yang L H. The tectonic setting and seismogenic structure of the 1966 Xingtai Ms7.2 earthquake[J]. Seismology and Geology, 1988,10(4):51-59.
[28] 高战武, 徐杰, 宋长青, 等. 华北沧东断裂的构造特征[J]. 地震地质, 2000,22(4):395-404.
[28] Gao Z W, Xu J, Song C Q, et al. Structural characters of the Cangdong fault in North China[J]. Seismology and Geology, 2000,22(4):395-404.
[29] 刘保金, 曲国胜, 孙铭心, 等. 唐山地震区地壳结构和构造:深地震反射剖面结果[J]. 地震地质, 2011,33(4):901-912.
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2011.04.014
[29] Liu B J, Qu G S, Sun M X, et al. Crustal structures and tectonics of Tangshan earthquake area: Results from deep seismic reflection profiling[J]. Seismology and Geology, 2011,33(4):901-912.
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2011.04.014
[30] 河北省地震局. 一九六六年邢台地震[M]. 北京: 地震出版社, 1986.
[30] Hebei Earthquake Agency. 1966 Xingtai earthquake[M]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 1986.
[31] 徐锡伟, 于贵华, 王峰, 等. 1966年邢台地震群的发震构造模型——新生断层形成?先存活断层摩擦粘滑?[J]. 中国地震, 2000,16(4):364-378.
[31] Xu X W, Yu G H, Wang F, et al. Seismogenic model for the 1966 Xingtai Earthquakes ——nucleationof new-born fault or strick-slip of pre-existing fault?[J]. Earthquake Research in China, 2000,16(4):364-378.
[32] 江娃利. 有关华北平原强震发震构造问题的讨论[J]. 中国地震, 2006,22(2):135-141.
[32] Jiang W L. Discussion on problems for seismo-tectonics of Strong Earthquakes in the North China Plian[J]. Earthquake Research in China, 2006,22(2):135-141.
[33] 刘保金, 张先康, 陈颙, 等. 三河一平谷8.0级地震区地壳结构和活动断裂研究——利用单次覆盖深反射和浅层地震剖面[J]. 地球物理学报, 2011,54(5):1251-1259.
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0001-5733.2011.05.014
[33] Liu B J, Zhang X K, Chen Y, et al. Research on crustal structure and active fault in the Sanhe-Pinggu Earthquake (M8.0) Zone based on single-fold deep seismic reflection and shallow seismic reflection profiling[J]. China Journal of Geophysics, 2011,54(5):1251-1259.
[34] 张先, 张先康, 刘敏, 等. 华北地区8级大震的深部构造特征及地震成因的探讨[J]. 地震学报, 2003,25(2):136-142.
[34] Zhang X, Zhang X K, Liu M, et al. Deep structural characteristics and seismogenesis of the M=8.0 earthquakes in North China[J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica, 2003,25(2):136-142.
[1] 陈挺, 严迪, 杨剑, 廖国忠, 武斌, 冉中禹. 基于重力值标准差研究长宁6.0级地震活动性[J]. 物探与化探, 2020, 44(3): 480-488.
[2] 邱峰,杜劲松,陈超. 重力异常及其梯度张量DEXP定量解释方法的影响因素分析[J]. 物探与化探, 2020, 44(3): 540-549.
[3] 朱晓刚, 袁炳强, 冯旭亮, 谷开拓, 张春灌, 李玉宏, 王亮, 王海萍, 郑鹏飞, 李祖鑫. 基于MT和重力资料的渭河盆地西部地区基底属性[J]. 物探与化探, 2020, 44(2): 254-261.
[4] 王静波, 熊盛青, 罗锋, 王冠鑫. 航空重力测量数据的小波滤波处理[J]. 物探与化探, 2020, 44(2): 300-312.
[5] 王逸宸, 柳林涛, 许厚泽. 基于卷积神经网络识别重力异常体[J]. 物探与化探, 2020, 44(2): 394-400.
[6] 黄天统, 彭新发, 朱自强. 基于非结构化网格的重力梯度张量反演[J]. 物探与化探, 2020, 44(1): 132-140.
[7] 岳想平, 张健. 动力滑翔机航磁测量系统的研发与应用[J]. 物探与化探, 2020, 44(1): 171-178.
[8] 李靖, 王林飞, 闫浩飞. 基于Oracle数据库的航磁异常自动渲染技术[J]. 物探与化探, 2020, 44(1): 179-184.
[9] 王颖舜,李军,简兴祥. 基于Tanimoto相似的重力异常相关成像方法研究[J]. 物探与化探, 2019, 43(6): 1350-1357.
[10] 王振亮,邓友茂,孟银生,刘瑞德. 综合物探方法在维拉斯托铜多金属矿床北侧寻找隐伏矿体的应用[J]. 物探与化探, 2019, 43(5): 958-965.
[11] 张虹,周能,邓肖丹,王萌,李行素. 国外航空重力测量与数据处理技术最新进展[J]. 物探与化探, 2019, 43(5): 1015-1022.
[12] 刘生荣,高鹏,耿涛,郭伟立,杜辉. 不同源DEM数据在高山区重力中区地形改正中的适用性[J]. 物探与化探, 2019, 43(5): 1111-1118.
[13] 郭涛,胡加山,尹克敏,王树华,冯国志,于会臻. 基于三维地震剥层的重力界面反演方法及应用[J]. 物探与化探, 2019, 43(5): 1090-1096.
[14] 李冰,宋燕兵,石磊,王启,蒋久明,金久强,周德文,徐明,肖刚毅,谢民英. 鄂尔多斯盆地的磁场特征及地质意义[J]. 物探与化探, 2019, 43(4): 767-777.
[15] 罗锋,王冠鑫,周锡华,李行素. 三轴稳定平台式航空重力测量数据处理方法研究与实现[J]. 物探与化探, 2019, 43(4): 872-880.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
京ICP备05055290号-3
版权所有 © 2017《物探与化探》编辑部
通讯地址:北京市学院路29号航遥中心 邮编:100083
电话:010-62060192;62060193 E-mail:whtbjb@sina.com