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物探与化探  2020, Vol. 44 Issue (2): 271-277    DOI: 10.11720/wtyht.2020.1289
  地质调查·资源勘查 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
反射波成像与纵波径向速度成像在华北油田裂缝型碳酸盐岩储层勘探开发中的联合应用
马修刚1, 周军1, 蔡文渊2, 王伟1, 于伟高3, 曹先军1, 孙佩1
1. 中国石油集团测井有限公司技术中心,陕西 西安 710077
2. 中国石油集团测井有限公司 华北分公司,河北 任丘 062550
3. 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 华北油田分公司,河北 任丘 062550
The combined application of reflective wave imaging and P-wave velocity variation to the exploration and development of fractured carbonate reservoirs of North China Oilfield
Xiu-Gang MA1, Jun ZHOU1, Wen-Yuan CAI2, Wei WANG1, Wei-Gao YU3, Xian-Jun CAO1, Pei SUN1
1. Technology Center,China Petroleum Logging Co. Ltd.,Xi'an 710077,China
2. North China Branch,China Petroleum Logging Co. Ltd.,Renqiu 062550,China
3. North China Oilfield Branch,China Petroleum and Natural Gas Co. Ltd.,Renqiu 062550,China
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摘要 

碳酸盐岩地层因成藏复杂,缝洞储层非均质性强、常规测井响应特征不明显,给勘探和有效开发带来较大难度。缝洞型储层有效性评价是深层油气勘探开发中面临的主要难题。对于储层中尺度较小的裂缝,由于地震的分辨率较低,常规测井方法探测深度较浅,难以对数十米地质构造进行准确评价。近年来发展起来的单井偶极横波反射成像技术能够有效利用低频横波的传播特点,对井旁20~30 m范围内的声反射体进行成像。纵波径向速度成像技术利用多接收阵列反演井壁1 m以内的纵波速度变化,能较好地指示储层的可改造性。偶极横波反射成像较好地发现井壁裂缝延伸以及井旁裂缝,纵波径向速度成像可反映井壁附近储层纵波速度变化,综合认为裂缝较发育,延伸较远或存在井旁隐蔽裂缝储层且井壁纵波径向速度变化较大的层段,具有较好的储层改造潜力。应用该方法对华北油田河西务潜山几口井进行处理分析,分析结果与储层改造后产液有较好的对应性,值得进一步推广应用。

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马修刚
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于伟高
曹先军
孙佩
关键词 裂缝型碳酸盐岩缝洞型储层偶极横波反射纵波径向速度储层改造    
Abstract

Because of complex reservoir forming conditions,strong heterogeneity and indistinct regularity of conventional logging response,it's difficult to conduct exploration effectively in the carbonate reservoir.The effectiveness evaluation of fractured reservoir is the main problem in the exploration and development of deep oil and gas.Seismic survey is limited to identitying small scale fractures or faults because of low resolution,and it is difficult for conventional logging method to accurately evaluate the geological characteristics because of the shallow investigation depth.The dipole shear wave imaging technique has been developed in recent years,which can image borehole acoustic reflectors within the range of 20~30m based on low frequency of dipole shear wave.Monopole radial profiling of compressional slowness can be used to retrieve P-wave velocity variation in well bore within 1m,which can indicate the reversibility of the reservoir.The dipole shear wave imaging is a good way for finding the extension of the wellbore fractures and the concealed fractures near the well,and monopole radial profiling of compressional slowness can reflect the change of P-wave velocity near the wellbore.In a comprehensive way,the reservoir with such characteristics as well developed fractures,long extension of fractures or existence of concealed fractures near the well bore and remarkable variation of compressional slowness indicates great potential for reservoir reconstruction.This method was applied to processing several wells in Hexiwu Qianshan in Huabei Oilfield,and the results correspond well with the results of liquid production after the reservoir reconstruction,and hence the method is worthy of further popularization and application.

Key wordsfractured carbonate    carbonate reservoir dipole shear wave reflection    P-wave velocity variation    reservoir reconstruction
收稿日期: 2019-05-22      出版日期: 2020-04-22
ZTFLH:  P631.4  
基金资助:国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC0603600-005);中国石油天然气股份有限公司重大科技专项项目(2017E-15);中国石油集团公司工程专项(2018E-2107)
作者简介: 马修刚(1984-),男,高级工程师,主要从事测井数据处理方法、软件与应用研究工作。
引用本文:   
马修刚, 周军, 蔡文渊, 王伟, 于伟高, 曹先军, 孙佩. 反射波成像与纵波径向速度成像在华北油田裂缝型碳酸盐岩储层勘探开发中的联合应用[J]. 物探与化探, 2020, 44(2): 271-277.
Xiu-Gang MA, Jun ZHOU, Wen-Yuan CAI, Wei WANG, Wei-Gao YU, Xian-Jun CAO, Pei SUN. The combined application of reflective wave imaging and P-wave velocity variation to the exploration and development of fractured carbonate reservoirs of North China Oilfield. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2020, 44(2): 271-277.
链接本文:  
http://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/10.11720/wtyht.2020.1289      或      http://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/Y2020/V44/I2/271
Fig.1  纵波径向速度反演流程
Fig.2  单偶极声源激发波形随传播距离衰减关系
Fig.3  反射构造特征提取
Fig.4  AT1X一次完井与二次完井井偶极横波反射成像对比
Fig.5  AT1X井2次完井偶极横波反射与纵波径向速度成像综合图
Fig.6  AT2X(左)、AT3井(右)偶极横波反射与纵波径向速度成像综合图
Fig.7  AT4X井偶极横波反射与纵波径向速度成像综合图
井号 井段/m 试油方式 日产油/t 日产气/m3 井旁裂缝/组 储层可改造性
AT1X 5065.2~5203 酸压 71.16 408900 5
AT2X 5287.4~5440.4 常规试油 11.01 31180 2 中等
AT3 5298.6~5458.4 压裂 35.04 502660 4
AT4X 5277.8~5392 酸压 98360 2
Table 1  处理结论及试油数据
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