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物探与化探  1995, Vol. 19 Issue (3): 172-177    
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
硫化氢、相态烃和自然电位法综合测量勘查油气田方法
李生郁, 徐丰孚
地矿部航空物探遥感中心, 北京 100083
THE INTEGRATED EXPLORATION OF OIL AND GAS FIELDS WITH HYDROGEN SULFIDE,PHASE STATE HYDROCARBON AND SELF-POTENTIAL METHODS
Li Shengyu, Xu Fengfu
Aerogeophysical Survey and Remote Sensing Center, MGMR, Beijing 100083
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摘要 

经近几年试验,我们提出用土壤吸附硫化氢气体作指标,勘查油气田新方法.并将它和相态烃法、自然电位法相配合,在已知油气田开展了试验,取得令人十分满意的效果.油气藏中含有大量硫化氢气体及含硫有机化合物.油气垂直微渗漏到近地表时,硫化物气体也随伴而至.运移过程中,硫化氢气体及含硫化合物在细菌及氧气作用下会发生一系列复杂的化学变化,如生成硫酸盐等,但经已知油气田试验结果表明,在油气藏上方近地表土壤中仍保留有明显的硫化氢气体异常,而且异常形态有一定的模式,有环状、半环状、片部和带状等不同形态.异常均和下伏油气藏或断裂构造相吻合,表明硫化氢气体测量法是勘查油气田的有效方法.更引人注目的是,它和相态烃、自然电位异常吻合的很好,异常均出现在油藏上方,表明综合使用这三种方法将会取得更好的找油气效果.

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Abstract

Based on tests conducted in recent years. the anchors advance a new method forexploration of oil and gas fields with soil-adsorbed hydrogen sulfide as an index. Combiningthis method with phase state hydrocarbon method and self-potential method, the authorsobtained satisfactory results over some known oil and gas fields. In oil and gas accumulations, there are large quantities of hydrogen sulfide gases and sultur-bearing organic compounds. When oil and gas approach the surface through vertical micropercolation, sulfide gasesalso reach such place. In the process of migration, a series of complicated chemical changesof hydrogen sulfide gasas and sulfur-bearing compounds would tabe place under the action ofbacteria and oxygen, forming for example sulfate. Nevertheless, tests have proved that innear-surface soils over oil and gas accumulations there remain obvious anomalies of hydrogensulfide gases, which assume anular, semi-anaular, sheet and zonal shapes. The anomlies agreewith the underlying oil and gas accumulations or fault structures, suggesting that hydrogensulfide survey may be used in the exploration of oil and gas fields.Moreover, these anomaliesare in good accord with phase state hydrogen anomalies and self-potential anomalies, with allof these anomalies appearing over the oil and gas accumulations. All this shows that theintegrated utilization of these three methods would yield more satisfactory rosults.

Key wordstime-lapse seismic exploration    purposeless repeated acquisition    spatial difference correction    3D cross-correlation    reservoir monitor
收稿日期: 1994-12-01      出版日期: 1995-06-24
作者简介: 李生郁,男,1934年生,陕西榆林人.1957年毕业于西北大学化学系.毕业后一直从事金属矿勘查地球化学方法技术研究和生产工作.1983年至今重点研究开发油气化探方法技术.历任研究室副主任、主任等职,先后发表论文切余篇.现为地矿部航遥中心气体化探室教授级高级工程师.
引用本文:   
李生郁, 徐丰孚. 硫化氢、相态烃和自然电位法综合测量勘查油气田方法[J]. 物探与化探, 1995, 19(3): 172-177.
Li Shengyu, Xu Fengfu. THE INTEGRATED EXPLORATION OF OIL AND GAS FIELDS WITH HYDROGEN SULFIDE,PHASE STATE HYDROCARBON AND SELF-POTENTIAL METHODS. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 1995, 19(3): 172-177.
链接本文:  
http://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/      或      http://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/Y1995/V19/I3/172

[1] 李生郁、徐丰孚,勘查油气田化探新方法—土城相态烃测量法,物探与化探,第17卷,第6期,1993.

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