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物探与化探  2019, Vol. 43 Issue (2): 244-256    DOI: 10.11720/wtyht.2019.1379
  地质调查·资源勘查 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
地电化学法在豫西崤山黄土覆盖区找矿中的应用——以洛宁县石龙山预查区为例
杨笑笑1, 罗先熔1, 文美兰1, 欧阳菲1, 吕星海2, 尹高科2, 郑广明2
1. 桂林理工大学 地球科学学院,广西 桂林 541004
2. 河南省地质矿产勘查开发局 第四地质勘查院,河南 郑州 450001
The application of geo-electrochemical methods to prospecting in the loess-covered Xiaoshan Mountain, western Henan Province: A case study of the Shilongshan gold polymetallic ore prospecting area in Luoning County
Xiao-Xiao YANG1, Xian-Rong LUO1, Mei-Lan WEN1, Fei OU-Yang1, Xing-Hai LYu2, Gao-Ke YIN2, Guang-Ming ZHENG2
1. College of Earth Sciences,Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004,China
2. The Fourth Geological Exploration Institute of Henan Geology and Mineral Bureau, Zhengzhou 450001,China
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摘要 

豫西崤山北部沟壑纵横,第四系黄土广泛覆盖,地表植被发育。为探讨地电化学法在豫西崤山黄土覆盖区寻找金矿的有效性,选择了隐伏于黄土下的石寨沟金矿开展找矿可行性试验,并在其邻区石龙山金多金属矿预查区南部开展地电化学找矿研究。研究发现,石寨沟Au矿床上部发育地电化学综合异常,异常规律明显,元素相关性较好,具有很好的套合和分带关系。对石龙山预查区地电提取的微量元素含量特征(分形、变异系数、地电提取比)进行分析,发现其与石寨沟Au矿床具有相近的地电异常规律。进一步利用Surfer软件绘制等值线异常图,结合前人研究成果在异常套合较好的02号线45~47测点初步经过地表工程验证,确定了一条品位较好的工业金矿体,侧面证明实测、推测断层F1-1和F20确实存在。该成果为石龙山地区深部及石寨沟矿床外围找矿提供地电化学理论基础,也为崤山黄土覆盖区找矿提供了新的思路。

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杨笑笑
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吕星海
尹高科
郑广明
关键词 黄土覆盖区地电化学法分形找矿预测豫西洛宁    
Abstract

Xiaoshan Mountain widely covered by the Quaternary sediments is located in the west of Henan Province. Its north part is ravines crossbar, and the surface vegetation grows fully and covers the surface heavily. In order to investigate the effectiveness of the earth electrochemical method in the search for gold deposits in the Xiaoshan loess-covered area in western Henan, the authors selected Shizhaigou gold deposit which is buried in loess to carry out the feasibility test of ore prospecting, and conduct geo-electrochemical prospecting in the south of the Shillongshan gold polymetallic mineral survey area and its adjacent area of Xiaoshan. The study revealed that the electrochemical composite anomaly in the development area of the Au deposit in Shizhaigou is obvious , the elements are well correlated and they have good nesting and zoning relationships. The authors analyzed the trace element content characteristics (fractal, coefficient of variation and extraction ratio of the geoelectric extraction) extracted from the geoelectricity of Shilongshan census area and found that it has similar geoelectricity anomaly patterns to the Shizhaigou gold deposit. In addition, the authors used Surfer software to draw the contour abnormal map and, in combination with previous research results, initially verified the surface of well-arranged 45-47 surveying points along No.02 line through surface engineering, thus determining an industrial gold orebody with good reserves. It is thus proved that the measured and inferred faults F1-1 and F20 do exist. The results provide a theoretical basis for electrochemical prospecting in the search for deep deposits in the Shilongshan area and the periphery of the Shizhaigou deposit, and also provide new ideas for the prospecting work in the loess-covered loess area.

Key wordsloess covered area    geoelectric extraction method    fractal    prospecting forecast    Luoning in western Henan Province
收稿日期: 2018-10-21      出版日期: 2019-04-10
ZTFLH:  P632  
基金资助:国家重点研发计划项目“深部铀成矿信息识别技术研究”(2017YFC0602604HT02);“穿透性地球化学勘查技术”(2016YFC0600603);广西教育厅项目(2017KY0239)
作者简介: 杨笑笑(1993-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事矿床学及地球化学研究工作。Email: 1985672733@qq.com
引用本文:   
杨笑笑, 罗先熔, 文美兰, 欧阳菲, 吕星海, 尹高科, 郑广明. 地电化学法在豫西崤山黄土覆盖区找矿中的应用——以洛宁县石龙山预查区为例[J]. 物探与化探, 2019, 43(2): 244-256.
Xiao-Xiao YANG, Xian-Rong LUO, Mei-Lan WEN, Fei OU-Yang, Xing-Hai LYu, Gao-Ke YIN, Guang-Ming ZHENG. The application of geo-electrochemical methods to prospecting in the loess-covered Xiaoshan Mountain, western Henan Province: A case study of the Shilongshan gold polymetallic ore prospecting area in Luoning County. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2019, 43(2): 244-256.
链接本文:  
http://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/10.11720/wtyht.2019.1379      或      http://www.wutanyuhuatan.com/CN/Y2019/V43/I2/244
Fig.1  豫西崤山地区地质图(据参考文献[19]、[42]修改)
a—研究区地质概况图;b—区域构造图;c—研究区矿床点分布示意
成矿特征要素 石寨沟 金鸡山 申家窑
矿床规模 小型 小型 小型
矿床类型 构造蚀变岩型 构造蚀变岩型 构造蚀变岩型
控矿地层 中元古界长城系熊耳群中下部的许山组及马家河组 中元古界长城系熊耳群中下部的许山组及马家河组 太华群变质岩系
控矿构造 NW-NWW 向、NE-NEE 向及近 SN向,其中 NW-NWW 向和NE-NEE 向断裂为主要含矿断裂 NW、NE和近SN向断裂,其中NE向断裂破碎带是区内主要的容矿构造 矿体受NW-NNW向韧性拆离断层及叠加在其之上的脆性正断层控制,多沿断裂带产出
控矿岩体 燕山晚期花岗闪长岩、花岗斑岩 燕山晚期花岗斑岩、花岗闪长岩 燕山晚期花岗斑岩
矿石矿物成分 主要有自然金、黄铁矿、闪锌矿、方铅矿、黄铜矿 主要有自然金、银金矿、黄铁矿、黄铜矿、方铅矿、闪锌矿、菱铁矿及微量的黑钨矿、白钨矿、毒砂 黄铁矿最为常见,部分矿石样品中方铅矿有大量产出。其他金属矿物还有毒砂、黄铜矿、闪锌矿以及少量金、银矿物
脉石矿物成分 石英、绢云母、绿泥石、钾长石、铁白云石 石英、绢云母、白云石、钾长石、黑云母、重晶石、绿帘石、锆石 石英、菱铁矿,局部可见绢云母
矿石结构构造 自形—半自形结构、他形粒状结构、压碎结构、包含结构,块状构造、角砾状构造、浸染状构造 自形晶、半自形晶、它形晶粒状结构,块状构造、条带状构造、浸染状构造和晶洞状构造 自形—半自形粒状结构、他形结构、拔丝结构、压碎结构、揉皱结构为主,条带状、网脉状、团块状和晶洞构造
围岩蚀变 硅化、绢云母化、黄铁绢英岩化、碳酸盐化、绿泥石化 硅化、黄铁矿化、方铅矿化、绿泥石化、绢云母化、泥化 硅化、黄铁绢英岩化、碳酸盐化,部分绿泥石化和少量高岭土化
矿床有益组分 Au、Cu、Pb、Zn Au、Ag、Cu、Pb、Zn Au、Ag、Cu、Pb、Zn、As
Table 1  研究区主要金矿床成矿地质特征
元素 背景值 异常
宽度
异常
强度
异常点号范围 峰值
测点
异常
峰值
异常
形状
对应矿体、地质状况
Au 2 180 14.54 6、12、13、18~22 12 36.53 单峰 F7金矿带、 F6含金矿化带
Ag 0.03 220 0.04 1~3、13~15、20~22 13 0.034 波状 F7金矿带、 F6含金矿化带
Cu 16 180 30.81 8~13、19、22 9 2171 双峰 F6、 F7金矿带(有钻孔数据)
Pb 21 340 108.05 12~19、20~24 12 347.7 单峰 F7金矿带、 F6含金矿化带
Zn 33 360 56.42 2~4、12~23 13 133.10 梯形 F7金矿带、 F6含金矿化带
Cr 12 340 18.31 1~4、12~21 17 26.60 多峰 F7金矿带、 F6含金矿化带
Co 4 340 5.24 1~4、12~21 4 7.33 多峰 F6、 F7含金矿化带或深部隐伏矿体
Ni 18 340 20.76 1~4、12~21 4 27.96 多峰 F6、 F7含金矿化带或深部隐伏矿体
Li 17 340 19.74 1~4、12~21 4 25.72 多峰 F6、F7含金矿化带或深部隐伏矿体
As 5 400 6.38 1~6、12~22 4 7.80 多峰 F6、 F7含金矿化带或深部隐伏矿体
Bi 0.15 340 0.17 1~4、12~21 21 0.217 多峰 F6金矿带边缘(有探槽TC605)
Ba 90 340 102.67 1~4、12~21 4 142.60 多峰 F6、 F7含金矿化带或深部隐伏矿体
La 12 320 14.74 1~4、13~21 4 19.71 多峰 F6、 F7含金矿化带或深部隐伏矿体
Zr 11 340 13.99 1~4、12~21 4 17.04 多峰 F6、 F7含金矿化带或深部隐伏矿体
Table 2  试验剖面地电提取异常参数
Fig.2  试验剖面地电化学异常特征
Fig.3  元素含量分形特征
微量
元素
极大值 极小值 标准
偏差
平均值 变异
系数
陆壳
丰度[38]
提取比 分维数 背景值
D1 D2 D3
Li 26.44 0.20 6.13 7.17 0.85 24.1 0.30 0.258 1.597 5.091 6.92
Cr 29.90 1.21 6.51 8.84 0.77 102 0.09 0.425 1.420 3.848 7.76
Co 11.32 0.61 1.97 2.75 0.72 23.7 0.12 0.550 1.689 4.297 2.65
Ni 29.29 0.61 7.06 10.01 0.71 93.6 0.11 0.261 1.509 6.588 8.32
Cu 403.80 0.45 23.24 10.98 2.12 53.6 0.20 0.416 1.887 8.51
Zn 85.55 2.24 13.86 19.82 0.70 75.5 0.26 0.375 1.319 4.705 16.98
As 10.22 1.21 1.74 4.03 0.43 2.29 1.76 0.969 4.516 4.68
Zr 21.61 0.33 4.94 6.19 0.80 204 0.03 0.277 1.543 5.402 5.75
Ag 0.109 0.006 0.01 0.03 0.42 0.052 0.58 0.648 4.400 0.026
Ba 188.60 1.63 34.97 42.79 0.82 449 0.10 0.199 0.793 3.671 23.44
La 21.32 0.22 4.88 5.84 0.84 34.1 0.17 0.310 1.417 4.131 5.62
Au 49.91 0.051 3.90 3.78 1.03 1.42 2.66 0.168 1.108 2.685 1.86
Pb 205 1.53 22.28 15.81 1.41 14.2 1.11 0.649 1.481 13.24
Bi 0.59 0.004 0.06 0.08 0.81 0.586 0.30 0.304 2.377 7.599 0.09
Table 3  地电提取元素数据统计
Fig.4  石龙山研究区地电提取测线分布
Fig.5  地电提取元素F1、F2组合异常
Fig.6  石龙山研究区工程验证剖面
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